In the Name of Allâh the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful.

سْــــــــــــــــــمِ ﷲِالرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم YaAllah janganlah kau uji apa yang tidak termampu aku lalui ٩(-̮̮̃-̃)۶٩(•̮̮̃•̃)۶When You Are HURT, You Learn To HATE..On The Other Hand, When You Hurt Someone, You Are RESENTED..BUT You Start To FEEL GUILTY As Well..However, Understanding Such Pain Enables YOU to Be KIND to Others..KNOWING PAIN Helps us GROW UP, to MATURE.. ٩(-̮̮̃•̃)۶٩(•̮̮̃•̃)۶ We should be taught not to wait for inspiration to start a thing. Action always generates inspiration. Inspiration seldom generates action٩(●̮̮̃•̃)۶ ٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶yaAllah..berikanlah aku kekuatan mennempuhi segala cabaran dan dugaan..aku lemah tanpaMU..٩(●̮̮̃•̃)۶ ٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶Starting over isn't crazy. Crazy is being miserable. and walking around half asleep, numb, day after day after day. Crazy is pretending to be happy. Pretending that the way things are is the way they have to be for the rest of your bleeding life.٩(●̮̮̃•̃)۶ If she's amazing, she wont be easy. If she's easy, she wont be amazing. If she's worth it, you wont give up. If you give up, you are not worthy. The truth is, everybody is going to hurt you; you just gotta find the ones worth suffering for -Bob Marley :٩(͡๏̯͡๏)۶..Mohon maaf atas segala salah silap.. Ikhlas dari MOHD SHUIB ABD RAHMAN..

Sunday, September 14, 2008

A Letter to My sisters

I sat in the car that night, after the blessed day of Eid, and watched you while my heart tore to shreds. You were so pretty, so confident, so relaxed as you strolled across the street while your "boyfriend" casually rested his arm on your shoulder. How I longed to get out of the car, take anything I could get my hands on, and cover you with it, that I might conceal some of what you deemed prudent to reveal and save you from being the object of lustful gazes.

Sure, your jeans fitted well, like a second skin, and your bare shoulders glistened beneath the street lights. No doubt, the effect you had aimed to achieve had been realized, but was Allah pleased with the effect you produced?

That "look" that you spend such a lot of time cultivating — tell me, what will be its end? All of us at last will enter a dark and lonely earth-filled grave, where your body that you spent so much time trying to perfect for the eyes of others will be food for the worms and ants.

The music that blared from the speakers of the car that you had emerged from shook the very earth beneath me, but undoubtedly an earthquake from Allah would have shook the ground even more. Where would that have left us, my dearest sister? Are you ready to meet your Lord?

And then the Adhan rang out. Not one of your friends switched off their thumping music. The call, sent to us by Allah since the time of His blessed Prophet, fell on deaf ears that were accustomed to the voice of Shaytan alone.

And I cried as I thought of our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah upon him) wandering the streets of Ta'if, calling towards the Oneness of God, towards a path that you have been blessed with, without any effort on your part. I cried as I pictured the stones from street urchins hitting his blessed body. Could you imagine yourself to be one of those who cast stones at the beloved of Allah and said to him, "Your way is not for me. Go, for I am at peace with what I have found. My desires reign supreme." Could it be that you are thinking like them — those who drew blood from his blessed body and caused his shoes to stick to his feet because of the excessive blood flowing into them?

I had to stifle the urge to get out of the car, stand in the middle of the street, and shout at all of you to stop! For Allah's sake — stop! My dearest sister, I love you. More than anything, I desire success for you. And what is success? Is it attracting the glance of men who desire you for nothing more than your body? Is it going out and having a "good time"? I would never want to see you suffer. But time has taught me that the path you are on is a slippery one that leads to nothing more than misery.

Once upon a time, I too believed that there was nothing more to life than having "fun." I too reveled in male attention that gave me a sense of self-worth — until I found purpose.

"What is purpose?" you ask. One word — Allah and following His way. That means leading a life filled with service to mankind and spreading goodness. No amount of male attention is going to fill that emptiness, the void left by not having Allah in your life.

I will pray for you and keep hoping that we will someday be friends in Paradise. Ameen. Until then, I'm ready to help you in any way. I am your sister in Islam.

Friday, September 12, 2008



1. Guys don't actually look after good-looking girls. They prefer neat and presentable girls.

2. Guys hate flirts.

3. A guy can like you for a minute, and then forget you afterwards.

4. When a guy says he doesn't understand you, it simply means you're not thinking the way he is.

5. "Are you doing something?" or "Have you eaten already?" are the first usual questions a guy asks on the phone just to get out from stammering.

6. Guys may be flirting around all day but before they go to sleep, they always think about the girl they truly care about.

7. When a guy really likes you, he'll disregard all your bad characteristics.

8. Guys go crazy over a girl's smile.

9. Guys will do anything just to get the girl's attention.

10. Guys hate it when you talk about your ex-boyfriend.

11. When guys want to meet your parents. Let them.

12. Guys want to tell you many things but they can't. And they sure have one habit to gain courage and spirit to tell you many things and it is drinking!

13. Guys do cry!!!

14. Don't provoke the guy to heat up. Believe me. He will.

15. Guys can never dream and hope too much.

16. Guys usually try hard to get the girl who has dumped them, and this makes it harder for them to accept their defeat.

17. When you touch a guy's heart, there's no turning back.

18. Giving a guy a hanging message like "You know what?!.. uh... never mind!" would make him jump to a conclusion that is far from what you are thinking.

19. Guys go crazy when girls touch their hands.
20. Guys are good flatterers when courting but they usually stammer when they talk to a girl they really like.

21. When a guy makes a prolonged "umm" or makes any excuses when you're asking him to do you a favor, he's actually saying that he doesn't like you and he can't lay down the card for you.

22. When a girl says "no", a guy hears it as "try again tomorrow."

23. You have to tell a guy what you really want before he gets the message clearly.

24. Guys hate gays!

25. Guys love their moms.

26. A guy would sacrifice his money for lunch just to get you a couple of roses.

27. A guy often thinks about the girl who likes him. But this doesn't mean that the guy likes her.

28. You can never understand him unless you listen to him.

29. If a guy tells you he loves you once in a lifetime. He does.
30. Beware. Guys can make gossips scatter through half of the face of the earth faster than girls can.
31. Like Eve, girls are guys' weaknesses.

32. Guys are very open about themselves.

33. It's good to test a guy first before you believe him. But don't let him wait that long.

34. No guy is bad when he is courting

35. Guys hate it when their clothes get dirty. Even a small dot.

36. Guys really admire girls that they like even if they're not that much pretty.

37. Your best friend, whom your boyfriend seeks help from about his problems with you may end up being admired by your boyfriend.

38. If a guy tells you about his problems, he just needs someone to listen to him. You don't need to give advice.

39. A usual act that proves that the guy likes you is when he teases you.

40. A guy finds ways to keep you off from linking with someone else.

41. Guys love girls with brains more than girls in miniskirts.

42. Guys try to find the stuffed toy a girl wants but would unluckily get the wrong one.

43. Guys virtually brag about anything.

44. Guys cannot keep secrets that girls tell them.

45. Guys think too much.

46. Guys' fantasies are unlimited.

47. Girls' height doesn't really matter to a guy but her weight does!

48. Guys tend to get serious with their relationship and become too possessive. So watch out girls!!!

49. When a girl makes the boy suffer during courtship, it would be hard for him to let go of that girl.

50. It's not easy for a guy to let go of his girlfriend after they broke up especially when they've been together for 3 years or more.

51. You have to tell a guy what you really want before getting involved with that guy.

52. A guy has to experience rejection, because if he's too-good-never-been-busted, never been in love and hurt, he won't be matured and grow up.

53. When an unlikable circumstance comes, guys blame themselves a lot more than girls do. They could even hurt themselves physically.

54. Guys have strong passion to change but have weak will power.

55. Guys are tigers in their peer groups but become tamed ****cats with their girlfriends.

56. When a guy pretends to be calm, check if he's sweating. You'll probably see that he is nervous.

57. When a guy says he is going crazy about the girl. He really is.

58. When a guy asks you to leave him alone, he's just actually saying, “Please come and listen to me"

59. Guys don't really have final decisions.

60. When a guy loves you, bring out the best in him.

61. If a guy starts to talk seriously, listen to him.

62. If a guy has been kept shut or silent, say something.

63. Guys believe that there's no such thing as love at first sight, but court the girls anyway and then realize at the end that he is wrong.

64. Guys like femininity not feebleness.

65. Guys don't like girls who punch harder than they do.

66. A guy may instantly know if the girl likes him but can never be sure unless the girl tells him.

67. A guy would waste his time over video games and basketball, the way a girl would do over her romance novels and make-ups.

68. Guys love girls who can cook or bake.

69. Guys like girls who are like their moms. No kidding!

70. A guy has more problems than you can see with your naked eyes.

71. A guy's friend knows everything about him. Use this to your advantage.

72. Don't be a snob. Guys may easily give up on the first sign of rejection.

73. Don't be biased. Try loving a guy without prejudice and you'll be surprised.

74. Girls who bathe in their eau de perfumes do more repelling than attracting guys.

75. Guys are more talkative than girls are especially when the topic is about girls.

76. Guys don't comprehend the statement "Get lost" too well.

77. Guys really think that girls are strange and have unpredictable decisions but still love them more.

78. When a guy gives a crooked or pretentious grin at your jokes, he finds them offending and he just tried to be polite.

79. Guys don't care about how shiny their shoes are unlike girls.

80. Guys tend to generalize about girls but once they get to know them, they'll realize they're wrong.

81. Any guy can handle his problems all by his own. He's just too stubborn to deal with it.

82. Guys find it so objectionable when a girl swears.

83. Guys' weakest point is at the knee.

84. When a problem arises, a guy usually keeps himself cool but is already thinking of a way out.

85. When a guy is conscious of his looks, it shows he is not good at fixing things.

86. When a guy looks at you, either he's amazed of you or he's criticizing you.

87. When you catch him cheating on you and he asks for a second chance, give it to him. But when you catch him again and he asks for another chance, ignore him.

88. If a guy lets you go, he really loves you.

89. If you have a boyfriend, and your boy best friend always glances at u and it obviously shows that he is jealous whenever you're with your boyfriend, all I can say is your boy best friend loves you more than your boyfriend does.

90. Guys learn from experience not from the romance books that girls read and take as their basis of experience.

91. You can tell if a guy is really hurt or in pain when he cries in front of you!

92. If a guy suddenly asks you for a date, ask him first why.

93. When a guy says he can't sleep if he doesn't hear your voice even just for one night, hang up.
He also tells that to another girl. He only flatters you and sometimes makes fun of you.

94. You can truly say that a guy has good intentions if you see him praying sometimes.

95. Guys seek for advice not from a guy but from a girl.

96. Girls are allowed to touch boys' things. Not their hair!

97. If a guy says you're beautiful, that guy likes you.

98. Guys hate girls who overreact.

99. Guys love you more than you love them if they are serious in your relationships.

Tuesday, September 9, 2008

multi level marketing

Isu Shariah Dalam Perniagaan MLM

Oleh : Ust Hj Zaharuddin Hj Abd Rahman

Jualan Pelbagai Peringkat atau lebih dikenali sebagai ‘Multi Level Marketing' atau MLM adalah amat popular di Malaysia. Dalam pada masa yang sama, sistem yang sama juga digunakan oleh industri penjualan Saham Amanah Islam dan beberapa produk Takaful. Statistik tahun 2003 menunjukkan industri MLM Malaysia mencatatkan jualan RM 4 bilion dan lebih dari 3 juta orang Malaysia terlibat dalam urusniaga MLM.
Akibat dari kebanjiran produk dan syarikat yang menggunakan sistem ini dalam mempromosi dan penjualan produk mereka. MLM kini boleh dianggap sebagai sebuah sistem pemasaran yang diterima ramai. Bagaimanapun, amat jarang dijumpai ilmuan Shariah samada dalam atau luar negara yang ingin atau berminat untuk menghuraikan sistem ini dari aspek Shariah dengan terperinci dan konkrit. Ini mungkin disebabkan kerumitan atau kurangnya minat ilmuan Shariah untuk mendalami proses sistem ini.
Para ‘Ustaz' dan Multi Level Marketing
Saya juga tidak dapat lari dari dibanjiri soalan demi soalan berkenaan hal ini. Pada awalnya, saya cuba untuk mengelak disebabkan terlampau banyak bentuk dan jenis MLM ini hingga menyukarkan sesiapa juga untuk memandu dan menerangkan hukumnya secara jelas. Di tambah pula mengenagkan pengikut dan pengamalnya yang terlalu ramai dan kebanyakkannya pula kelihatan ‘taksub' dan amat yakin akan halalnya kaedah MLM ini.
Tidak kurang juga terdapat para graduan Shariah atau pengajian Islam yang digelar ‘Ustaz' dan Ustazah' yang juga kuat berkempen produk-produk syarikat dengan skim MLM. Lebih hangat dan meriah lagi, kumpulan ini kerap mendakwa ianya halal lalu diselitkan dengan pelbagai dalil Al-Quran dan Hadith yang menggalakkan umat Islam berniaga, kuat ekonomi dan lain-lain. Hakikatnya, dalil-dalil ini bukanlah khusus untuk menyokong MLM dan perniagaan piramid mereka.
Ikhlas saya ingin nyatakan di sini, agak ramai juga orang ramai yang terpengaruh dengan kempenan dari kumpulan ilmuan agama seperti ini, menyebabkan orang ramai menyertainya tanpa berfikir lagi berkenaan halal atau haramnya sesuatu produk itu kerana ia telah diiktiraf oleh seorang ‘ustaz'. Justeru, saya ingin menasihatkan semua rakan-rakan lulusan Shariah dan Pengajian Islam agar lebih berhati-hati memberikan sebarang hukum dan merujuk dengan lebih mendalam sebelum berkempen dan mendakwa halalnya sesuatu produk hanya semata-mata kerana ia mendapat keuntungan besar di dalamnya. Ini kerana agak ramai juga saya dapati orang ramai yang berkiblatkan ustaz tertentu dalam kempen MLM mereka. Berkatalah Al-Laith bin Sa'ad : « Seandainya orang-orang yang memiliki pemahaman halal dan haram meneliti masalah ini, pastilah mereka tidak akan membolehkannya kerana terdapat di dalamnya unsur perjudian » ( Riwayat Al-Bukhari, no 2346 ). Sayyidina Umar al-Khattab r.a telah mengingatkan:
لا يبع في سوقنا إلا من قد تفقه في الدين
Ertinya : "Jangan seseorang kamu berjual beli di pasar kami, kecuali ia telah mendalami ilmu (hukum) agama tentangnya" ( Riwayat Tirmidzi, no 487, hlm 129 ; Albani : Hasan)
Bagi membantu masyarakat yang semakin ‘hangus' dalam industri ini, saya merasakan adalah elok untuk saya berkongsi panduan umum Shariah dalam hal penggunaan MLM ini. Bagaimanapun, saya tidaklah mampu untuk menujukan tulisan ringkas ini kepada mana-mana jenama MLM yang wujud di Malaysia mahupun luar negara. Tulisan ini hanya memberikan sedikit gambaran dan garis panduan yang diletakkan oleh undang-undang Islam dalam hal MLM ini.
Pengertian MLM
Secara umum ‘Multi Level Marketing' adalah suatu cara perniagaan alternatif yang berkaitan dengan pemasaran yang dilakukan melalui banyak level (tingkatan), yang biasa dikenal dengan istilah ‘Upline' (tingkat atas) dan ‘Downline' (tingakt bawah), orang akan disebut ‘Upline' jika mempunyai ‘Downline'. Pokok utama dari perniagaan MLM ini digerakkan dengan jaringan ini, sama ada yang bersifat ‘vertikal' atas bawah mahupun ‘horizontal kiri kanan' ataupun gabungan antara keduanya. (Lihat All About MLM oleh Benny Santoso hal: 28, Hukum Syara MLM oleh Hafidz Abd Rahman, MA)
Bentuk MLM yang Haram atau syubhat
Ada beberapa bentuk sistem MLM yang jelas keharamannya atau keraguannya, iaitu apabila ia menggunakan sistem berikut :
1) Harga tinggi dari biasa : Menjual produk yang diperjualbelikan dalam sistem MLM dengan harga yang jauh lebih tinggi dari harga biasa, ia adalah amat tidak digalakkan menurut Islam malah menurut sebahagian ulama, aqad seperti ini adalah terbatal. Tatkala itu, ia digelar ‘Gabhnun Fahisyh' menurut istilah ulama Fiqh. Hukum jualan secara ‘Ghabnun Fahisy' ini diperbezakan oleh ulama antara harus, makruh dan haram. (Durar al-Hukkam Fi Syarh Majallah al-Ahkam, klausa no 356, hlm 369). Bagaimana Nabi SAW pernah mengisyaratkannya sebagai suatu kezaliman jika berlaku kepada orang yang tidak mengetahui selok belok harga barang. (Al-Qawaid, Ibn Rusyd, hlm 601)
Bagaimanapun perlu diingat, dalam satu MLM mungkin terdapat 3 atau 4 unsur syubhat dan haram yang akan saya sebutkan. Ini tidaklah bermakna saya mengatakan MLM haram hanya kerana adanya unsur "Harga Lebih Tinggi dari Biasa" , ia cuma salah satu unsur yang perlu disemak dan boleh memburukkan lagi hukum sesuatu MLM sehingga boleh jatuh tahap haram kerana penipuan dalam keadaan tertentu yang lain.
Apa yang ingin saya nyatakan ‘Ghabnun' di sini adalah yang dibuat dalam bentuk penipuan harga kepada orang awam, iaitu harga yang sengaja dinaikkan kerana merangkumkan yuran penyertaan dalam system priamid. Sebagai contoh saya pernah ‘terpaksa' membeli sebuah produk MLM. Oleh kerana tukang jual MLM ini amat sukar beralah, dan saya ingin ia cepat menamatkan kempenanannya dengan adab, lalu saya belilah satu produknya yang termurah, iaitu sebiji bantal yang dikatakan sangat hebat, harganya mencecah RM300 sebiji. Inilah namanya 'Ghabnun', sedangkan bantal tersebut rupa-rupanya langsung tiada istimewanya setelah digunakan. Maka jelas harganya dinaikkan kerana penyertaan sebagai ahli dan masuk dalam sistem. Tapi saya senyapkan saja keahlian dan langsung tidak bergerak, membeli hanya kerana kasihan dengan si penjual yang dikenali ini sahaja.
Inilah maksud saya mempunyai unsur ‘Ghabnun', mungkin unsur ini tidak cukup kuat untuk menjadikannya haram, tetapi ia salah satu unsur yang memberi kesan kepada aqad, kesan ini apabila ia bergabung dengan unsur-unsur syubhat yang lain, ia boleh menjadi haram.
Sebagai Makluman :
Mazhab Hanafi : terbahagi kepada 3 pandangan, iaitu ada ulamanya yang mengatakan ghabnun harus walaupun Fahisyh, kedua : Haram , ketiga : Haram bila ada usnur penipuan sahaja ( Syarh ad-Dur , AL-Haskafi, 2/82 )
Mazhab Maliki : Juga ulama mereka berbagai pandangan : Pertama : Ghabnun Mustrasil samada Yasir atau fahsiyh : Haram ; Kedua : Ghabnun lebih tinggi 1/3 dari harga pasaran biasa tanpa adalah HARAM. ( Al-Qawaid : Ibn Rusyd , hlm 601 ; AL-Qawaid Al-Fiqhiyyah, Ibn Juzay, hlm 294)
Mazhab Syafie : Harus hukumnya kecuali pandangan ganjil dari al-Mutawaali yang mengharamkannya . ( Al-Majmu' , 7/500 )
Mahzab Hanbali : Ibn Quddamah berkata : "Ghabn Mustarsil adala apabila si pembeli membeli dengan harga yang terkeluar dari harga pasaran ... teruatamanya apabila didesak ( agar tak pergi semak kedai-kedai lain dulu) dan cuba disegerakan oleh penjual " ( Al-Mughni , 4/78 )
Justeru, perbincangan panjang tentang 'Ghabn' sebenarnya menunjukkan terdapat jenis 'Ghabn' yang disepakati haramnya oleh ulama, ada yang disepakati halalnya, dan terdapat yang diperbezakan pandangan. Justeru apabila saya sebut 'ghabn' sebagai salah satu sebab boleh jadikan MLM haram, maka ini kerana berkemungkinan jenis yang disepakati haram itu berlaku. Justeru, semasa menulis artikel anda perlu faham target saya. Adakah anda yakin semua jenis 'Ghabn' yang berlaku dalam MLM itu tergolong dari golongan yang harus ?. Jika ye, maka itu pandangan anda , bukan saya. Saya lebih selesa berpandangan ia banyak jenis 'Ghabn' yang berlaku lebih menjurus kepada haram terutamanya apabila hampir semua syarikat-syarikat MLM ini amat mengambil mudah akan hal hukum agama. Jika tidak, pastinya mereka telah mengambil Penasihat Shariah sejak dari awal.

2) Jualan target sebagai syarat komisyen : Selain dari yuran yang wajib dibayar oleh ahli, pada kebiasaannya terdapat syarat yang mewajibkan ahli tersebut mencapai target jualan tertentu bagi melayakkannya mendapat apa jua komsiyen dari hasil jualan orang di bawahnya. Apabila ia gagal mencapai ‘harga target' tersebut maka keahliannya akan hilang atau tiada sebarang komisyen untuknya walaupun orang bawahannya menjual dengan begitu banyak. Semua MLM yang terlibat dengan syarat seperti ini, menyebabkan sistem MLM mereka menjadi bermasalah dari sudut Shariah kerana wujudnya unsur kezaliman terhadap ahli selain wujudnya kewajiban jualan bersyarat dengan syarat yang tidak menyebelahi ahli serta berbentuk penindasan. Seolah-olah pihak syarikat memaksanya dengan mengatakan "Anda mesti membeli atau mengekalkan penjualan peribadi sebanyak RM 500 sebulan bagi membolehkan anda mendapat hak komisyen orang bawahan anda".
Pada asasnya, komisyen yang diambil atas usaha menjual (seperti ‘brokerage fee') sesuatu barangan adalah adalah harus menurut Shariah, ia adalah pandangan ulama besar Tabi'en seperti Muhammad Ibn Sirin, ‘Ato' Bin Abi Rabah, Ibrahim an-Nakha'ie dan ramai lagi (Sohih Al-Bukhari ; Al-Musannaf, 5/242 ; Mawahibul Jalil, 4/452 ). Bagaimanapun, komisyen dalam hal MLM dan system piramdi ini boleh bertukar menjadi haram apabila :-
* Diikat komisyen jualan rangkaiannya dengan sesuatu jualan olehnya, ia menimbulkan masalah dari sudut Shariah seperti unsur pemaksaan, syarat yang tidak sah dalam perwakilan dan perjudian.
* Komisyen datang dari orang bawahan yang langsung tidak dikenalinya kerana sudah terlampau jauh ke bawah. Ini menjadikan orang atasan seolah-olah mendapat untung di atas angina tanpa sebarang kerja dan usaha lagi. Ia juga boleh dikelaskan sebagai broker di atas broker di atas briker di atas broker dan seterusnya. Dalam hal berbilangnya rantaian komsiyen broker ini, menurut perbincangan saya bersama Syeikh Prof. Dr Abd Sattar Abu Ghuddah (Pakar Shariah utama dalam bidang kewangan Islam dunia di Kesatuan Ulama Fiqh Sedunia, AAOIFI, Dow Jones Islamic Index dan lain-lain) ia termasuk dalam konteks memakan harta orang lain dengan bathil selain terdapat unsur judi. Ini adalah kerana ia seolah-olah meletakkan syarat kepada semua orang bawahan samada dengan pengetahuan mereka atau tidak, semua hasil jualan mereka akan diambil sebahagian keuntungannya untuk orang atasnya.
* Dari sudut yang lain, terdapat juga keraguan dalam isu pemberian komisyen di atas usaha dan tugas agen (wakil penjual) atau "brokerage" (tukang kempen). Ini kerana sepatutnya komisyen ke atas "brokerage" tidak harus mensyaratkan tukang kempen itu untuk membeli untuk diri sendiri sebagaimana yang berlaku dalam beberapa jenis MLM. Sesetengahnya pula mensyaratkan ‘broker' atau ‘agen' untuk menjual sendiri sebanyak sekian jumlah bagi memperolehi komisyen jualan broker (ahli) di bawahnya. Dengan sebab-sebab ini, hal ‘broker' atau ‘agen' menjadi syubhah dan tidak lagi benar ianya disifatkan sebagai komisyen wakil atau broker yang diterima Islam.
3) Jika ahli berdaftar menyertai MLM dengan yuran tertentu, tetapi tiada sebarang produk untuk diniagakan, perniagaannya hanyalah dengan mencari orang bawahanya (downline), setiap kali ia mendapat ahli baru, maka diberikan beberapa peratus dari yuran ahi tersebut kepadanya. Semakin banyak anggota baru bermakna semakin banyak jualah bonusnya. Ini adalah bentuk riba kerana memperdagangkan sejumlah wang untuk mendapat sejumlah lebih banyak yang lain di masa hadapan. Ia merupakan satu bentu Riba Nasiah dan Riba Al-Fadl. Hal yang sama juga hukumnya bagi perusahaan MLM yang tidak mempunyai produk bersungguh dan berkualiti, sebaliknya produk miliknya hanyalah berupa ruangan laman web yang tidak berfaedah buat kebanyakkan orang, atau apa jua produk yang hanya dijadikan sebagai alasan pembelian. Malah harga sebenar produknya juga adakalanya jauh dari harga yang dijual kepada ahli (sebagai contoh dijual produk web komputer, sedangkan haragnya jauh lebih tinggi dan si ahli pula tidak mempunyai komputer pun). Pada hakikatnya, si ahli bukannya ingin membeli produk itu, tetapi untuk menyertai rangkaian serta memperolehi wang darinya. Ia juga termasuk dalam yang diharamkan. Hal membeli produk tidak benar dengan niat utama memasuki rangkaian dan mendapat untung dari rangkaian ini telah difatwakan haram oleh Majlis Fatwa Al-Lajnah Ad-Daimah Arab Saudi no 15/192-193.
4) Terdapat juga syarikat MLM yang melakukan manipulasi dalam menjual produknya, atau memaksa pembeli untuk menggunakan produknya atau yang dijual adalah barang haram. Maka MLM tersebut jelas keharamannya. Namun tidak semua MLM begini, cuma sebahagianya sahaja.
5) Terdapat juga unsur mirip "shafqatayn fi shafqah", atau bay'atayn fi bay'ah, (iaitu dua aqad jenis jual beli dalam satu) yang dilarang oleh Baginda SAW dengan pelbagai lafaz antaranya : "
نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن صفقتين في صفقة واحدة
Ertinya : "Rasulullah SAW melarang dari membuat dua belian (aqad) dalam satu aqad" ( Riwayat Ahmad, Al-Bazzar ; Al-Haithami : perawi Ahmad adalah thiqah ; 4/84 )
Ini berlaku apabila ada sebahagian syarikat MLM yang membuka pendaftaran ahlinya, setiap ahli perlu membayar sejumlah wang disebut yuran, tidak dapat dipastikan samada yuran tersebut untuk membeli kedudukan di dalam rangkaian ataupun membeli produk. Pada waktu yang sama, dengan termeterainya keahliannya itu, ia akan menjadi wakil pula bagi syarikat untuk merekrut ahli baru, maka tindakan MLM seperti ini, boleh dikatakan termasuk dalam kategori hadis : shafqatayn fi shafqah, atau bay'atayn fi bay'ah. Ini kerana, dalam hal ini, orang tersebut telah dikira melakukan transaksi aqad Mu'awadat (kontrak pertukaran hak kewangan) bila membeli produk atau menjadi ahli dan dalam masa yang sama masuk dalam satu jenis aqad lagi iaitu perwakilan (untuk menjualkan produk itu kelak di samping mencari ahli baru) dengan komisyen tertentu. Maka, praktis seperti ini jelas tergolong sebagaimana hadith di atas.
Ingin saya tekankan juga, hal berkaitan komisyen jualan orang di level keseratus akan diperolehi juga oleh upline di tingkat kedua, padahal mereka tiada sebarang kaitan aqad yang jelas, dan hanya kerana rantaian orang dibawahnya maka ia mendapat untung?. Apa yang diletakkan untuk mendapat untung?.
Sedangkan dalam contoh sebuah syarikat besar, seorang pemegang saham sememang layak dapat untung walaupun goyang kaki kerana ia meletakkan 'modal', sebagaimana yang diketahui , keuntungan boleh didapati dari tiga sebab iaitu 1) Modal 2) Kerja 3) Jaminan 'Dhoman' barangan dari sebarang aib pada barang yang dijual.
Lalu si pemegang modal berhak mendapat untung kerana ia letak modal, si pekerja layak mendapat untung kerana ia bekerja .. jadi apa hak si upline kedua untuk dapat untung jualan si downline ke seratus? Tiada modal, tiada kerja, tiada jaminan atau dhoman barangan yang dijual, kernaa jaminan barangan yang dijual adalah dari syarikat, bukan upline!.
Apa Maksud Sebenar Dua Aqad Dalam Satu ?
Shafqatain di Safqah dan lafaz yang seertinya denganya memang tidak dinafikan mempunyai banyak takrif dan tafsiran menurut kefahaman ulama yang berbeza. Manakala sesiapa yang hanya mendedahkan hanya beberapa kerat dari pandangan tersebut dan kemudian terus memegangnya. Tapi perlu diingat disana terdapat pelabagi tafsiran yang lain pula, dan saya memegang tafsiran yang lain. Maka itu tidak bererti tafsiran pegangan saya adalah salah, dan tafsiran pegangan anda mesti betul. Jika demikian perangainya, maka ini jelas tidak faham konsep ikhtilaf dalam nas.
Sebagai hadiah untuk awam dan pembaca yang mampu faham ini beberapa tafsiran tentang hadith dua aqad dalam satu mengikut beberapa kumpulan ulama silam dan kaitannya dengan MLM:-
1) iaitu contoh berkata penjual kepada pembeli : " Aku jual kepadamu baju ini dengan harga RM 10 tunai , atau RM 20 secara tangguh" , maka si pembeli bersetuju TANPA mengspecifickan plan tangguh atau tunai yang dikehendakinya. Ini bentuk yang ditafsirkan oleh Imam Malik, Abu Hanifah, At-Thawri, Ishak Rahawaih, Imam As-Syafie ( Syarh as-Sunah, Al-Baghawi, 8/142 ; ‘Aridathul Ahwazi, 5/240 ; Al-Mughni, Ibn Quddamah, 6/333; Al-Mudawwanah, 9/191 ).
Tiada khilaf di kalangan ahli ilmu, jenis ini adalah HARAM. Bagaimanapun tafsiran ini tidak berapa berkaitan dengan MLM, kerana biasnaya plan harga akan dipilih dengan tepat.
2) Iaitu contohnya pembeli : "jualkan kepadaku barangan ini dengan harga RM 10 tunai atau dengan sebuah radio pada tarikh akan datang", kemudian kedua-dua bersetuju tanpa memberikan yang mana satu mereka inginkan. Ini adalah tafsiran Imam Malik pula ( ‘Aridathul Ahwazi, 5/240 ) . Ini juga tiada kaitan dengan MLM.
3) Iaitu contohnya berkata seorang lelaki : "Aku jual kebunku ini dengan harga RM 10,000 dengan syarat kamu jualkan rumah kamu pula dengan harga RM 15,000" . Inilah juga tafsiran ulama mazhab Hanafi, Hanbali dan Syafie. ( Al-Mughni , 6/332 ; Al-Um, 3/67 ; ‘Aridatul Ahwazi, 5/239 )
Inilah tafsiran yang saya lihat ada kaitannya dengan kebanyakkan MLM. Iaitu berkata syarikat MLM kepada seorang ahli baru sebagai contoh : "aku jual barang water filter ini dengan harga RM 2000 dengan syarat engkau jadi wakil jualanku dengan komisyen sebanyak 3 % dari harga jualanmu dan aku beri mandate kamu untuk jadi lantik ahli baru dan setiap jualannya kamu akan dapat 1 % dengan syarat kamu ada jualan sendiri sebanyak RM 1000 setiap bulan"
Lihat, dalam contoh saya tu ada berapa jenis aqad muawadah maliah yang bersifat lazim?
a- Jual barang RM 2000 - Aqad jual beli yang bersifat lazim
b- Lantik jadi wakil dengan upah (Wakalah bil Ujr) - aqad wakalah yang bersifat lazim.
c- Beri mandate untuk cari ahli - ini tiada masalah
d- Setiap ahli yang kamu lantik jual kamu layak dapat 1% - Ini ju'alah, juga kelihatan tiada masalah.
e- Kamu hanya layak dapat 1 % ju'alah tadi dengan syarat kamu ada jualan sendiri RM 1000 - Ini ada syubhat sikit syarat seperti ini. Perlu perbincangan dan ijtihad.
Cuma, secara umum kita dapat melihat bergabungnya dua aqad mu'awadat maliah (pertukaran hak milik harta) yang bersifat Lazim. Jika aqad itu ghayru Lazim maka ia diharuskan, tetapi dalam hal ini dua aqad itu adalah "aqad lazim"
4) Iaitu seorang penjual menjual dua barangan berlainan harga iaitu kasut dengan harga RM 100 dan handphone dengan harga RM 700, tetapi ia membuatnya terikat, iaitu jika anda beli handphone, maka pembelian kasut juga menjadi wajib. Inilah takrif yang dipegang oleh Al-Qadhi Ibn Al-Arabi al-Maliki ( Al-Qabas Syarah Al-Muwatta', 2/842 ; Al-Muntaqa , 5/36) .
Ini juga mempunyai sedikit kaitan dengan MLM kerana meletakkan syarat satu aqad lain sebagai syarat untuk sesuatu aqad itu boleh ‘concluded'.
5) Iaitu contohnya : Berkata penjual : " Aku jual handphone ini dengan RM 100 dengan bayaran ansuran dalam 3 bulan, dengan syarat aku akan belinya semual darimu dengan harga RM 80 tunai" . Ini adalah tafsiran Ibn Taymiah dan Ibn Qayyim pula. Ia adalah sama dengan takrif Bai Inah. ( Mukhtasar Al-Fatawa Lib Ibn taymiah, hlm 327 ; Tahzib Mukhtasar Sunan Abi Daud, Ibn Qayyim, 5/100 )
Tafsiran ini agak kurang kaitannya dengan MLM.
Demikianlah beberapa takrifan dan tafsiran ulama tentang hadith dua aqad dalam satu. Sebenarnya ada terdapat 3 lagi tafsiran, Cuma cukuplah sebagai info tambahan kepada pembaca. Oleh kerana beberapa yang dilakukan dalam MLM ada terdapat dalam salah satu tafsirannya, maka saya masukkan point dua aqad di dalam satu sebagai isu yang boleh menjadikan MLM samada haram atau batal atau syubhat.
Keputusan Majma Fiqh Sedunia ?
Kesatuan Fiqh Sedunia (Majma' Fiqh Islami) pernah mengeluarkan fatwa ke atas satu bentuk perniagaan MLM jenama PT Biznas yang disifatkan sebagai haram kerana ia adalah salah satu bentuk perjudian. Selain itu, keputusan itu juga menafikan bahawa komisyen yang digunakan adalah komisyen atau upah ‘brokerage' sebagaimana didakwa. (Rujuk keputusan nombor 3/24, 17 Julai 2003). Selain itu, Syeikh Salim Al-Hilali pernah mengeluarkan fatwa pengharaman dengan katanya : "Banyak pertanyaan berkenaan perniagaan yang diminati ramai. Yang secara umum gambarannya adalah mengikuti kaedah piramid dalam sistem pemasarannya, dengan cara setiap anggota harus mencari ahli-ahli baru dan demikian selanjutnya. Setiap anggota membayar yuran pada syarikat dengan jumlah tertentu dengan angan-angan mendapat bonus, semakin banyak anggota dan memasarkan produknya maka akan semakin banyak bonus yang dijanjikan. Sebenarnya kebanyakan anggota MLM yang menyertai cara ini adalah hasil motivasi bonus yang dijanjikan tersebut dengan harapan agar cepat kaya dalam waktu yang sesingkat mungkin, padahal ia langsung tidak menginginkan produknya. Perniagaan jenis ini adalah perjudian murni, kerana beberapa sebab berikut, iaitu:
Ø Sebenarnya anggota MLM ini tidak mahukan produknya, akan tetapi tujuan utama mereka adalah menyertai rangkaian piramid bagi mendapatkan kekayaan cepat apabila setiap ahli baru membayar yuran.
Ø Harga produk yang dibeli sebenarnya tidak sampai 30% dari wang yang dibayarkan pada syarikat MLM.
Ø Tujuan perusahaan adalah membangun jaringan individu secara berkesinambungan. Yang mana ini akan menguntungkan anggota yang berada pada level atas (Upline) sedangkan level bawah (downline) selalu memberikan nilai point pada yang berada dilevel atas mereka.
Justeru, saya kira, amat tipis untuk mencari MLM yang tidak tergolong dalam item-item salah yang saya sebutkan di atas, malah saya juga suka menyarankan agar pengamal-pengamal jualan amanah saham dan Takaful secara wakil untuk lebih berhati-hati agar tidak terjerumus dalam bab MLM. Bagaimanapun, jika anda masih ingin mendakwa halalnya MLM ini, saya sarankan agar pengamal MLM memastikan asas minima Shariah berikut dapat dipatuhi :-
1. Produk MLM ini mestilah dibeli dengan tujuan yang sebenarnya (seperti produk yang benar-benar bermanfaat dan dibangunkan dengan serius seperti ubat-ubatan berkualiti, unik dan lainnya). Justeru, produk MLM yang kabur kualiti dan kegunaannya tidaklah dibenarkan kerana ia hanyalah bertujuan untuk mengabui dalam undang-undang dan hukum Shariah, ia tiadalah halal di sisi Shariah. Justeru, kekuatan MLM itu ialah kepada produknya yang bermutu dan bukan kepada objektif jangka pendek mengumpul dana (modal).
2. Produknya bukan emas dan perak yang boleh dijual beli secara tangguh. Ini kerana penjualan barangan emas secara tangguh adalah Riba jenis Nasiah.
3. Komisyen yang diberikan kepada ahli untuk setiap penjual dan ahli bawahannya mestilah jelas. Tiada komisyen tanpa usaha, ini bermakna orang atas hanya berhak mendapat komisyen dari ahli bawahan yang dibantunya sahaja.
4. Keuntungan dan komisyen bukan berdasarkan ‘kepala' atau ahli yang ditaja, tetapi adalah berdasarkan nilai produk yang berjaya di jualnya. Ini diperlukan bagi membuktikan ia menumpukan kepada perniagaan penjualan produk dan perkhidmatan dan bukannya permainan wang (money game).
5. Tidak diwajibkan bagi si ahli menjual jumlah tertentu bagi memperolehi komsiyen dari orang bawahannya.
6. Setiap ‘upline' atau orang di sebelah atas mestilah menaruh usaha atas jualan orang bawahannya, seperti mengadakan perjumpaan taklimat, motivasi dan teknik berkempen secara terancang seperti sebuah syarikat yang pelbagai ahlinya. Ia perlu bagi melayakkannya menerima komisyen itu dari sudut Shariah, jika tidak adalah dibimbangi ia akan terjerumus kepada keraguan ‘syubhah'. Ini kerana konsep niaga dalam Islam tidak membenarkan suatu keuntungan dari sesuatu perniagaan yang diperolehi tanpa usaha. Justeru, sedikit usaha perlu dicurahkan bagi menjadi sebab haknya ke atas komisyen. Perlu diingat, kebanyakan ahli di kaki yang 10 ke bawah, mungkin tidak mengenalinya lantaran ia dilantik oleh orang bawahannya yang kesembilan. Jika tidak, apakah haknya untuk mendapat komisyen yang demikian berangkai dan begitu jauh ?.
7. Tidak menggunakan skim piramid iaitu skim siapa masuk dulu akan untung selamanya. Manakala hak mereka yang masuk kemudian akan berkurangan. Justeru, plan pemasaran mestilah memberikan hak kepada semua, malah orang bawahan mampu mendapat keuntungan lebih dari orang atasannya, apabila ia mampu menjual dengan lebih hebat.
8. Mempersembahkan system komisyen dan bonus yang telus dan boleh difahami dan dipantau oleh ahli dengan jelas. Ia bagi mengelakkan segala jenis penipuan.
9. Menstruktur plan pemasaran di anatara ahli dan orang bawahannya secara musyarakah iaitu perkonsgian untung dan rugi berdasarkan modal masing-masing dengan nisbah pembahagian keuntungan yang ditetapkan di peringkat awal lagi.
Mana MLM alternatif??
"Kalau ustaz pandai sangat, kenapa tak tuliskan sahaja macam mana MLM yang menepati Shariah tu, biar orang boleh guna" Demikian tempelak seorang pemuda tanpa kesabaran melalui sebuah web.
Jawapan saya seperti berikut :-
Pertama : Memang ramai 'suruh', 'arah' dan minta saya sebutkan macam mana MLM yang harus serta realistik.
Inilah masalah orang ramai, tidak berfikir mendalam sebelum meminta. Kita kena faham, tak semua yang perniagaan diasakan ikut cara yang menpeati Shariah itu menarik pada pandangan mata orang ramai dan boleh laku untuk dijual di Malaysia, dan tak semua pula plan dan skim atau produk yang sangat boleh dijual dan menarik itu menepati hukum Shariah. Jadinya bagi menghasilkan satu plan hebat yang menepati Shariah dan boleh jual, perbincangan dua pihak antara Ilmuan Shariah & bisnesman amat perlu dalam hal ini.
Mana mungkin sebuah plan pemasaran MLM terbaik dapat dicadangkan hanya dengan mengemukakan permintaan mudah begitu sahaja kepada saya, ini kerana mungkin saya mempunyai penyelesaian dari sudut teori Shariahnya. Teori ini pula sebahagiannya bersifat fleksible dan tidak sebahagian yang lain, kerana itu perbincangan diperlukan dengan pihak pakar pemasaran demi memastikan samada ia 'viable' untuk diperkenalkan atau tidak. Kerana saya bukanlah pakar dalam bab pemasaran.
Kedua : Saya juga bukanlah seorang jutawan yang membolehkan saya memperkenalkan plan bisnes MLM contoh yang hebat dan menepati Shariah. Mudahnya, selagi tiada bisnesman Muslim yang punyai perhatian kuat tentang halal haram dan berkesudian berbincang dengan orang Shariah, selagi tu tidak akan didapati plan dan skim MLM alternatif yang menepati Shariah.
Untuk maklumat, proses inilah yang amat kerap kami (ilmuan Shariah sedunia, saya dan rakan-rakan ustaz di semua institusi kewangan Islam seluruh dunia) ; iaitu kami duduk berjam-jam dengan pakar pemasaran, peguam untuk mencipta produk kewangan Islam yang halal serta dalam masa yang sama aqad-aqadnya juga halal dan boleh diaplikasikan di sisi undang-undang Malaysia. Kesimpulan saya, jika hanya ada satu pihak sahaja yang bersungguh, ia pasti akan menjadi hasrat yang terbengkalai juga.
Akhirnya, saya tahu bahawa hukum MLM ini masih terbuka untuk perbincangan, malah Syeikh Dr Abd Sattar Abu Ghuddah ketika perbincangan dengan beliau mengakui ini isu yang agak baru baginya. Benar, amat sukar ditemui tulisan para ulama Islam dari Timur Tengah berkenaan hal MLM ini, disebabkan MLM belum masuk ke pasaran negara Arab dengan meluas. Justeru, menjadi tanggungjawab para ilmuan Shariah Asia Tenggara untuk membantu masyarakat untuk mengetahui pandangan Shariah tentang MLM ini. Tulisan ringkas saya hanyalah pandangan awal bagi memberi peringatan bahawa dengan sekadar pandangan, kelihatan begitu banyak keraguan boleh muncul dalam perniagaan MLM ini. Tidak perlulah pembaca merasa marah dan benci dengan tulisan ini. Ini sekadar nasihat bagi mereka yang mengambil berat tentang pendapatan serta memikirkan barzakh dan akhirat mereka yang kekal abadi.

Wallahu ‘alam.

Saturday, September 6, 2008

Aku Bosan - Unimap

Universiti Malaysia Perlis (English: University of Malaysia, Perlis) or UniMAP is located at the northernmost part of the Malaysian peninsula, less than 35 km from the Thailand border in the town of Arau, Perlis.


Formerly known as Kolej Universiti Kejuruteraan Utara Malaysia (English: Northern Malaysia University College of Engineering) or KUKUM, it was approved by the Cabinet as a public institution of higher learning in May, 2001. Its first intake comprised 116 engineering students, who started classes in June, 2002. It now has approximately 3,000 students, and a workforce of more than 600 people comprising academic and non-academic staff. There are fifteen programmes leading to B. Eng and six programmes leading to Diploma (Engineering), offered through eight engineering schools. In addition, it also has twelve postgraduate programmes leading to MSc (Engineering) and PhD.

UniMAP prides itself as a true-blue technical university which fulfills the interest of students who are inclined towards practical-based engineering education. UniMAP graduates are budding engineers who have been groomed to be competent and confident enough to explore entrepreneurial possibilities upon graduation. They are expected to not only exhibit excellence in knowledge and skills directly related to their engineering fields of study, but to be proficient in communication and ICT skills, as well as possessing unsurpassed traits of professionalism and patriotism.

Electronic-based engineering is UniMAP's focus. However, related fields of engineering and technology that support the advancement of electronic-based engineering are also pursued at UniMAP


To produce a holistic human capital that contributes to the nation's development and industrial competitiveness agenda


An internationally competitive academic and research institution

Academic programs

All programmes are offered through eight schools -- School of Computer and Communication Engineering, School of Microelectronic Engineering, School of Electrical Systems Engineering, School of Mechatronic Engineering, School of Manufacturing Engineering, School of Materials Engineering, School of Bioprocess Engineering, and School of Environmental Engineering [2]:

[edit] Undergraduate

UniMAP offers 15 undergraduate engineering programmes leading to the degree of BEng in the following areas:

* Computer Engineering
* Communication Engineering
* Microelectronic Engineering
* Electronic Engineering
* Electrical Systems Engineering
* Industrial Electronic Engineering
* Mechatronic Engineering
* Mechanical Engineering
* Manufacturing Engineering
* Product Design Engineering
* Biomedical Electronic Engineering
* Metallurgical Engineering
* Materials Engineering
* Bioprocess Engineering
* Environmental Engineering
* Polymer Engineering


In addition, UniMAP offers 6 Diploma programmes, namely:

* Diploma in Computer Engineering
* Diploma in Microelectronic Engineering
* Diploma in Manufacturing Engineering
* Diploma in Mechatronic Engineering
* Diploma in Electrical Engineering
* Diploma in Metallurgical Engineering.

Postgraduate programs

Apart from undergraduate studies, postgraduate education is also offered. UniMAP boasts its internationalisation agenda, which vigorously promotes the University to the international community. Internationalisation in UniMAP happens mainly through postgraduate education. Students can work to acquire Masters or PhD in –

* Computer Engineering
* Communication Engineering
* Mechatronic Engineering
* Manufacturing Engineering
* Electrical Systems Engineering
* Materials Engineering
* Mechanical Engineering
* Product Design Engineering
* Bioprocess Engineering
* Environmental Engineering
* Biomedical Electronic Engineering
* Microelectronic Engineering

The duration for a Masters degree is 1-3 years (full time) and 2-5 years (part time), whereas for PhD, the duration is 2-5 years (full time) and 3-7 years (part time). The minimum qualification for entry into postgraduate studies is Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Engineering or in related fields from recognised universities. Non-Malaysian students must be fluent in English with the minimum score of 550 in TOEFL or 6.0 for EPT or IELTS. All applicants need to be endorsed by the University Senate before they are eligible to enroll as students in the University.

Academic system

The academic programmes that UniMAP offers combine both theory and practical, in accordance to the requirement of the industry. In fact, this is where UniIMAP differs from many of her counterparts as here, the ‘lab intensive’/’practical oriented’ approach is practiced in the delivery of the courses. UniMAP students benefit more from practical education compared to engineering students enrolled in conventional universities in the country.

Another feature which distinguishes UniMAP from many other local universities is the emphasis that she puts in developing entrepreneurship and communication skills among students. UniMAP also invests much in programmes that lead to the student's personal development. All this should eventually result in producing graduates who are not only effective in the engineering field of their choice, but are also capable of being independent entrepreneurs who possess commendable and praiseworthy traits.

Research in UniMAP

The approach to university research varies worldwide but would normally evolve from the individual researcher to a small group of active researchers in a particular area of specialisation.

Being a new university, UniMAP decides to bypass this usual evolution by forming interdisciplinary research clusters in seven key areas. The areas are Sustainable Engineering, Microelectronic & Nanotechnology, Sensor Technology & Application, Autonomous Systems & Machine Vision, Electrical Machine Design, Acoustic Application and Embedded Computing. Each research cluster has its own ‘Research Advisor’, usually an expert from abroad. Instead of being under the jurisdiction of schools, the seven clusters are somewhat self-governed, with a ‘Cluster Head’ taking care of the overall technical and administrative concerns of each cluster. This non-school specific configuration encourages interdisciplinary participation of potential researchers who hail from different schools within the campus. This is in line with the fact that modern engineering jobs today cut across various fields and disciplines. The boundary between disciplines has become blurred, and engineers from different backgrounds work together in a team to achieve common objectives.

The amount the University has invested in research and teaching laboratories amounts to to more than RM 120 million for the development of more than 90 laboratories over the last 5 years (2002-2007).

[edit] Student buddy system

The University is always on the look out for systems and approaches that can mould students into engineers with world class characteristics. One such system is the ‘Rakan Pendamping Siswa’ (RPS) or roughly translated as ‘Students Buddy System’.

RPS is a system whereby academic staff supervises small groups of students for the duration of the students’ stay in UNIMAP. ‘Supervision’ here entails frequent meetings under informal settings, where students can relax with their friends and discuss academic and social issues that concern them. Students who do not hold satisfactory academic performance look to their buddies as ‘mentors’, in which case the student becomes the ‘mentee’ of the buddy, who helps the student out every step of the way.

Buddies are bonded by an exacting code of conduct which ensures that student interest is always at the forefront of this undertaking. It is through these informal interactions with members of the academia who double up as buddies or friends that students develop confidence, appreciation, and a sense of belonging towards the University and the academic system they are undergoing. In the course of the interactions, the students’ emotional quotient (EQ) would be appropriately honed. It is hoped that the close camaraderie developed over the years will bring UNIMAP graduates back to the University as loyal alumni in the future.

RPS also entails the necessity of all students to go through a series of programmes (known in UniMAP as the ‘7 pillars’), which comprise courses, seminars, discourses, and other activities. Specifically, the programmes include patriotic nation building courses, communication skills courses, and social etiquette courses. In addition, students participate in extreme sports activities, community involvement (such as visitations to old folks home, gotong royong (mutual aid) at community centres, painting murals in schools, building walkways in public areas, etc), social discourses, and leadership seminars. Because very high an importance is placed on the ‘7 pillars’, the University Senate has decided that without satisfactory participation in these activities, students may be denied their scrolls upon graduation.

In addition, the “+I” (“I” representing ‘innovation’) programme is now being developed. This new initiative aims to build the spirit of innovation amongst students. Under this programme, all UniMAP students get together in specific “I” teams in the early days of their stay here. Over the years, in their respective teams, they would be living and experiencing the rigour and thoroughness of product development processes – from idea creation and conception to outcome realisation. At the end of four years, for every “I” team, hopefully, a product is born. This programme wishes to bring out the best in the students’ hold on imagination, originality, and creativity, besides paving the way for the inculcation of team working and a certain sense of pride.

[edit] Sport and recreation

The University Sports Centre manages a myriad of sports facilities and activities. Facilities available include a gymnasium, football, volleyball, takraw, netball, and multipurpose courts. The University enjoys facilities-sharing with the Perlis State Government's facilities in canoeing, lawn bowling, wall climbing, and many others.

The University organises a choice of activities throughout each academic semester. College Open Day is one example, where students organise-among others- cultural shows, talent-time, dinners, and other stimulating activities that can hone their management and organisational skills. Students also get the chance to interact with members of the local community. In addition, many interesting events and activities are organised by residential college committees, such as Chinese New Year, Aidilfitri and Deepavali get-together, ‘Battle of the Band’ competition, Nasyid Festival, Poco-Poco, Futsal, Netball, Football, Indoor Games, End of Year Dinner Celebration, and many many more.

Students participate in sports as well as other activities either informally at their own pleasure, or formally through various co-curriculum courses offered during the semester. Students must fulfill co-curriculum requirements in order to be eligible for graduation. They can choose to join canoeing, hockey, taekwando, silat, and badminton, among others.


At the moment, the UniMAP campus is virtually everywhere in Perlis, hence it is dubbed as ‘UniMAP Distributed Campus’ (UDC). To date, there are about 15 zones, each separated by public land between 1-15 km of each other. The first campus site is situated in Kubang Gajah, Perlis where laboratories and lecture theatres are located. Teaching facilities are mainly placed in Kuala Perlis, Kubang Gajah, and Jejawi.

The massive vacant site of the once ‘Dragon & Phoenix’ textile manufacturing plant, located in the general area of Jejawi houses lecture rooms, laboratories and administrative offices. Chancellery offices, as well as the University Library, are located at Kangar. Some administrative offices are in Jejawi and around Kangar. Students live either in a nearby residential area at Bintong, Wang Ulu, or in several housing estates in Kuala Perlis. In addition, after decades of existing in abandonment, UniMAP has taken over Kangar's one and only movie theatre, and turned it into a lecture-cum-general-function hall. It is named ‘Dewan Kapitol’. Transportation between these sites is provided via a university bus system, provided free of charge to students and staffs alike.

UniMAP also has an ‘offshore office’ in the heart of Kuala Lumpur: Anjung UniMAP.

Within the 9th and 10th Malaysian Plan, UniMAP's new campus, spanning about 1358 acres, will be built at two locations, namely Ulu Pauh (1058 acres) and Sungai Chuchuh (300 acres), Perlis. It is envisioned that the permanent campus be built as a Nature-Campus (‘Kampus Alam’) which takes into consideration the many aspects (physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, social, environmental, health and safety, among others) that ensure a healthy and conducive environment for students, staff and the community to live, work, and interact with one another.

Residential colleges

Accommodation consists of three or four-bedroomed houses which are fully furnished, providing high standard of comfort. There are 6 residential colleges - Tun Abdul Rahman Residential College, Tun Abdul Razak Residential College, Tun Hussein Onn Residential College, Tun Dr. Mahathir Residential College, Tun Dr. Ismail Residential College, and Tan Sri Aishah Ghani Residential College. Within the colleges, student counselling and advisory services are available through out the semester. In addition, University buses frequent the residential colleges to provide free-of-charge transportation for students and staff alike during the semester. Sundry shops in residential colleges and numerous shops in Kangar and Kuala Perlis help students meet their daily needs and provide a wide range of stationary provisions. Photocopy services are also provided in most of the shops.

Internet facilities

Students can download lecture notes from the UniMAP's portal. They can also interact with their lecturers and many members of staff, particularly heads of departments through the links provided at the University Portal.

Internet service is provided at all the residential colleges via LAN networking. However, with the increasing number of students, the network speed has slowed down drastically. No effort has been done so far to improve the quality of the network connection. Students now mainly head over to the UniMAP library if they need to download any information from the internet. Previously, wireless connection used to be provided at the Kampung Wai residential college. Nowadays, wireless connection is only accessible at the Kampung Wai lab.


Friday, September 5, 2008

The Purpose of Life

The Purpose of Life

By Khaled Yaseen

Extracts from the lecture:

I am honored to have this opportunity and I would like to begin by saying that all of you have an equal responsibility. That responsibility is to listen with an open heart and an open mind. In a world filled with prejudice and cultural conditioning, it is very hard to be able to find people to take a moment to think about life objectively and try to arrive at the truth about this world and the real purpose of our lives.

Unfortunately, when you ask most people the question: "What is the purpose of life?" (such a fundamental and important question), they will not tell you what they have concluded through observation or analytical reasoning. Rather, in most cases, they will simply tell you what someone else said, or they will tell you what is "commonly presumed" by others, i.e., What my father said purpose of life is, what the minister of my church said the purpose of life is, what my teacher in school said, what my friend said, etc. If I ask anyone about the purpose of eating or why do we eat, everyone will say [in one word or another] that it is for nutritional purposes, because nutrition sustains life. If I ask anyone why they work, they will say because it's a necessity in order to support themselves and to provide for the needs of their families. If I ask anyone why they sleep, why they wash, why they dress, etc., they will answer with appropriate answers, for these are common necessities for all human beings. We can follow this line of questioning with a hundred questions and receive the same or similar answers from anyone in any language from any place in the world.

Then I ask you the question: Why, when we ask the question, "What is the goal and purpose of life?" that we get many different answers? It is because people are confused; they don't really know. They are stumbling in the dark, and rather than say, "I don't know"; they just offer any answer they have been programmed to give. Think about it. Is our purpose in this world simply to eat, sleep, dress, work, acquire some material things and enjoy ourselves? Is this our purpose? Why are we born? What is the object of our existence? What is the wisdom behind the creation of man and this tremendous universe? Think about those questions.

Here I would like to mention a few verses from the Holy Quran that address this subject. We seek the protection of Allah from every evil thing. Allah mentions to us in the Holy Quran, "And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is over all things competent. Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding-Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire." Surah 3: Ayahs 189-191

Now here in these verses, Allah draws our attention to the creation of the heavens and earth, the alternation of the night and the day, the creation of the universe. HE calls our attention to their creation and their precision, and mentions those who contemplate the wonders of creation and realize that this was not created for any foolish purpose, [that Allah is exalted above doing such a thing] and they seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of Hell. Truly, when you see the design of all that Allah created, you realize it is very powerful and very precise. Something very powerful and very precise; something beyond your own calculation and imagination, cannot be foolish.

My dear respected brothers and sisters, we have to ask ourselves a further question. When you see a bridge, a building or an automobile, you automatically consider the person or company that constructed it. When you see a large ship, an airplane, a rocket, a satellite; you also think about how incredible it is. [You know by its design who the maker is.] When you see a super international airport, nuclear plant or an orbiting space station you have to be thoroughly impressed with the engineering dynamics that are involved. Yet, these are just things that are manufactured by human beings. So what about the human body with its massive and intricate control systems? Think about it.

Think about the brain: how it thinks, functions, analyzes, retrieves and stores information, as well as distinguishes and categorizes information in a millionth of a second, all of this constantly.

Think about the brain for a moment. (And don't forget the fact that you are using your brain to consider itself!) This is the brain that made the automobile, the rocket ships, the boats, and so on. Think about the brain and who made that!

Think about the heart. Think about how it pumps continuously for sixty or seventy years [taking in and discharging blood throughout the body] maintaining steady precision throughout the life of the person.

Think about the kidneys and the liver and the various functions they perform. The purifying instruments of the body that perform hundreds of chemical analyses simultaneously and also controls the level of toxicity in the content of the body. All of these are done automatically.

Think about your eyes, the human cameras, that adjust, focus, interpret, evaluate, discern color automatically, naturally receiving and adjusting to light and distance.

Think about it-Who created them? Who has mastered their design and function? Who plans and regulates their function? Human beings do this? No, of course not. What about this universe?

Think about this. This earth is one planet in our solar system, and our solar system is one [of possible many] solar systems. Our galaxy, The Milky Way, is one of the galaxies. There are ONE HUNDRED MILLION GALAXIES in the universe. They are all in order and they are all precise. They are not colliding with each other. They are not conflicting with on another. They are swimming along in an orbit that has been set for them. Did human beings set that into motion and are human beings maintaining that precision? No, of course not.

Think about the oceans, the fish, the insects, the birds, the plants, bacteria, and chemical elements that have not yet been discovered and cannot be detected even with the most sophisticated instruments. Yet each of them has a law that they follow. Did all of this synchronization, balance, harmony, variation, design, maintenance, operation and infinite numeration happen all by chance? Do these things function perfectly and perpetually also by chance? No, of course not. That would be totally illogical and foolish. In the least, it indicates that however it came to exist-it exists beyond the realm of human capability. We will all agree to that. The Being, The Almighty Power, God, The Creator who has the knowledge to design and proportion created all of this and is responsible for maintaining it. HE is the only one that deserves praise and gratitude.

If I were to give each one of you one hundred dollars for no reason, just for being here, you would at least say thank you. What about your eyes, your kidneys, your brain, your children, and your life: Who gave you all of that? Is He not worthy of praise and thanks? Is He not worthy of your worship and recognition?

My brothers and sisters, that in a nutshell, is the goal and purpose of this life. Allah said to us in the Holy Quran: "And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me." [Surah 51: Ayah 56] this is what the Almighty said.

Our purpose in this life is to recognize The Creator, to be grateful to Him, to worship Him, to surrender ourselves to Him and to obey the laws that He has determined for us. It means worship is our purpose in life. Whatever we do in the course of that worship, [i.e., the eating, the sleeping, the dressing, the working, the enjoying,] between birth and death is consequential and subject to His orders. But the main reason for our creation is worship. I don't think anyone who is analytical or scientific will have much of an argument with that purpose. They may have some other reason with themselves-but that is something they have to deal with between themselves and Almighty God.

ciplak from :

Talkin Yang Menggerunkan..

Maksud talkin yng selalu dibaca untuk orang Islam yng meninggal dunia.
Semasa membaca, sebut-sebutlah nama sendiri, kalau tidak terasa takut sama-samalah kita lebihkan amal ibadat. Bukanlah perkara yng mudah setelah membaca atau menghafalnya begitu sahaja sesungguhnya hanya amalan baik yang kita lakukan selama hidup di dunia yng akan menjadi penyelamat, Insyaallah.


Maha Suci Tuhan yang Engkau bersifat dengan Baqa’ dan Qidam
Tuhan yang berkuasa mematikan sekalian yang bernyawa
Maha Suci Tuhan yang menjadikan mati
Dan hidup untuk menguji siapa yang baik dan siapa yang kecewa
Maha Suci Tuhan yang menjadikan lubang kubur sebesar-besar pengajaran
Untuk menjadi iktibar kepada orang yang lalai
Dan sebesar-besar amaran kepada orang yang masih hidup
Ingatlah! Bahawa sekalian makhluk Allah akan jahanam dan binasa
Melainkan zat Allah Taala, Dialah Tuhan yang Maha Besar berkuasa menghukum
Manakala kita sekalian akan kembalai menghadap hadrat Allah Taala

Wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA, wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA, wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA,
Hendaklah kamu ingat akan janji-janji Allah
Yang mana kamu ada bawa bersama-sama dari dunia ini
Sekarang kamu telah menuju masuk ke negeri Akhirat
Kamu telah mengaku bahawa tiada Tuhan yang disembah
Dengan sebenar-benarnya melainkan Allah
Dan bahawasanya Nabi Muhammad itu pesuruh Allah
Ingatlah wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA,
Apabila datang kepada kamu dua malaikat yang serupa dengan kamu
Iaitu Mungkar dan Nakir, maka janganlah berasa gentar dan takut
Janganlah kamu berduka cita dan risau
Serta janganlah kamu bersusah hati dan terkejut
Ketahuilah wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA
Bahawasanya Mungkar dan Nakir itu hamba Allah Taala,
Sebagaimana kamu juga hamba Allah Taala
Apabila mereka menyuruh kamu duduk,
Mereka juga akan menyoal kamu
Mereka berkata:

Siapakah Tuhan kamu?
Siapakah Nabi kamu?
Apakah agama kamu?
Apakah kiblat kamu?
Siapakah saudara kamu?
Apakah pegangan iktikad kamu?
Dan apakah kalimah yang kamu bawa bersama-sama kamu?

Di masa itu hendaklah kamu menjawab soalan-soalan mereka
Dengan cermat dan sehabis-habis terang, tepat dan betul
Janganlah berasa gementar, janganlah cuak
Dan janganlah bergopoh-gapah
Biarlah tenang dan berhati-hati, hendaklah kamu jawab begini:

Allah Taala Tuhanku,
Muhammad Nabiku,
Islam agamaku,
Kitab suci Al-Quran ikutanku,
Baitullah itu kiblatku,
Malahan solah lima waktu,
Puasa di bulan Ramadhan,
Mengeluarkan zakat dan mengerjakan haji diwajibkan ke atas aku,
Semua orang Islam dan orang beriman adalah saudara aku,
Bahkan dari masa hidup hingga aku mati
Aku mengucap: “La ila ha illallah Muhammaddur rasulullah”.

Wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA tetapkanlah hatimu
Inilah dia suatu dugaan yang paling besar
Ingatlah bahawa kamu sekarang sedang tinggal di alam Barzakh
Sehingga sampai satu masa kelak.
Kamu akan dibangunkan semula untuk berkumpul di Padang Mahsyar

Insaflah wahai SAYA Bin IBU SAYA,
Bahawasanya mati ini adalah benar
Soalan malaikat Mungkar dan Nakir di dalam kubur ini adalah benar
Bangun dari kubur kemudian kita dihidupkan semula adalah benar
Berkumpul dan berhimpun di Padang Mahsyar adalah benar
Dihisab dan dikira segala amalan kamu adalah benar
MInum di kolam air Nabi adalah benar
Ada syurga dan neraka adalah benar
Bahawasanya hari Kiamat tetap akan adanya
Begitu juga Tuhan yang Maha Berkuasa
Akan membangkitkan semula orang-orang yang di dalam kubur

Di akhirnya kami ucapkan selamat berpisah
Dan selamat tinggal kamu di sisi Allah Taala
Semoga Tuhan akan member sejahtera kepada kamu
Tuhan jua yang menetapkan hati kamu
Kami sekalian berdoa mudah-mudahan Allah Taala
Menjinakkan hati kamu yang liar
Dan Allah menaruh belas kasihan kepada kamu
Yang berdagang seorang diri di dalam kubur ini
Mudah-mudahan Tuhan akan member keampunan
Dan memaafkan kesalahan kamu serta menerima segala amal kebajikan kamu

Ya Allah Ya Tuhan, kami merayu dan bermohon kepada Mu supaya tidak diseksa mayat ini
dengan kemegahan penghulu kami Muhammad SAW.

Subhana rabbika rabbil izzati amma ya sifun wassalum alalmursalinwalhamdulillahi rabbil alamin.

Setiap yang bernafas, pasti akan mati – “ Kullu nafsin za iqatul maut”.
Firman Allah SWT, “ Demi masa, sesungguhnya manusia itu benar-benar berada di dalam
kerugian, kecuali orang-orang yang beriman dan beramal soleh, yang ingat-mengingati supaya mentaati kebenaran, dan yang ingat-mengingati dengan kesabaran.” Surah Al-A’sr

Dari Abdullah bin ‘Amr R.A, Rasullullah SAW bersabda: “Sampaikanlah pesanku walaupun satu ayat..”